Figure 3-2. Functional Relationships Diagram for a Battalion Complex.
3-3. Site Analysis.
topographic and geotechnical surveys should be
(2) Site Survey Map. The topographic survey
and evaluates how these conditions may impact
is the foundation of the site survey map. It should
the project. The principal elements of the evalua-
be acquired as soon as practical for any project.
tion are translated into a written and graphic
The site survey should locate all existing above
summary of opportunities and constraints. Com-
and below-ground facilities and structures. It
tion are important since they may be accomplished
and size, topography, water bodies, drainage pat-
by personnel other than those who later do site
terns, utilities, roadways, vegetation and other site
design. A thorough site analysis is fundamental to
features. If additional information is needed, other
responsive and responsible site design. It is impor-
mapping resources include aerial photographs; in-
tant to understand the potential impact various
stallation documents; and US Geological Survey
site elements can have on a project. It is important
(USGS), Soil Conservation Service and Federal
to know how these elements interrelate and are
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) maps.
impacted by changes to each other. The involve-
FEMA maps provide information on flood plain
ment of different disciplines, as appropriate to the
water surface profiles and flood plain outlines.
site, is essential to understanding these relations
(3) Site Visit. A site visit is essential to
and to preparing a sound analysis.
developing an accurate site analysis. No other task
provides as much useful information. A site visit
deals with the acquisition of site information.
provides the opportunity to:
(1) Sources of Information. Sources include
(a) Verify existing information, especially if
installation personnel and documents, especially
a current topographic survey is not available.
the installation master plan. Past project plans
(b) Evaluate the impact of existing on- and
and reports also provide information. Site-specific