(e) Use and desired proximity of shared
facilities (e.g., dining halls or headquarters build-
a. Determines appropriate and required activi-
(2) Support Facilities. Program and space re-
ties and their functional relationships through
quirements will be determined for:
(a) Buildings. The guidelines for primary
b. Evaluates the site through site analysis.
facilities will be followed.
c. Establishes the organization of activities and
(b) Utilities. The necessary types of systems
facilities on site through the concept development
of spatial relationships diagrams.
will be determined. The location and capacity of
3-2. Program Analysis.
available trunk lines will be identified. Probable
sizes and loads will be estimated. Potential envi-
Program analysis translates user needs into physi-
ronmental controls (e.g., Environmental Protection
cal criteria requirements for facilities. The pro-
Agency sewage outflow standards) will be dis-
gram is the basis of the functional relationships
diagram. The functional relationships diagram de-
cussed. Civil, mechanical, electrical and other ap-
lineates the optimal relationship among activities
propriate engineering disciplines should be con-
and facilities. Both the user mission and project
requirements will be verified by interviewing the
(c) Outdoor Space. The need for outdoor
user to determine the current status, AR 415-15
space will be established. This includes active use
provides guidance on program analysis.
areas (e.g., formation grounds or outdoor class-
a. User Mission. The goals and objectives of the
rooms), active recreation (e.g., playing fields or
user mission will be reviewed. How the proposed
tennis courts), and passive recreation.
project is intended to accomplish or support these
(3) Circulation. Both the user and the Director
aims will be defined. The user's specific needs will
of Engineering and Housing (DEH) should be
be determined for the following:
interviewed to obtain information and data. The
(1) Functional requirements.
user will determine the number and kinds of
(2) Creation of organizational efficiency and
vehicles. Transportation and traffic engineers
should also be consulted as appropriate. Military
(3) Relationship to adjacent functions.
Traffic Management Command (MTMC) provides
(4) Contribution to the quality of life of the
detailed information on transportation and traffic
concerns. Programming for circulation will cover
b. Project Requirements, Accurate project re-
requirements for access and on-site circulation,
quirements are fundamental to organizing and
estimates of the type and quantity of parking
locating project elements on site. Failure to antici-
demand, evaluation of alternative modes of travel,
pate true programmatic and spatial needs can
and the need for a site traffic impact study.
(a) Design Requirements. The design vehi-
create many problems. This is especially true on
cles (passenger car, delivery van, truck, tracked
small or confined sites. The program and space
requirements will be fully articulated beyond the
vehicle, etc.) expected on site will be identified and
primary facility or building.
listed. Design requirements for site access and
(1) Primary Facilities. The principal functions
on-site vehicular circulation are usually deter-
mined by the largest design vehicle on the list.
occurring at the facility and the necessary space
Probable service requirements such as delivery
requirements will be determined. If applicable, the
(including loading docks), maintenance, sanitation,
Department of the Army (DA) facility standardiza-
and emergency will be identified. Probable re-
tion program definite designs will be used. Other
quirements for site lighting levels will be deter-
items to be determined include the following:
(a) Probable points of ingress and egress
mined. Chapter 6 provides more specific design
and need for control.
criteria for vehicular circulation and parking.
(b) Parking Demand. The user will deter-
(b) Special architectural configurations.
(c) Physical and visual connections to other
mine parking demand, or number of required
parking spaces, for non-organizational or private
(d) Desired visual presentation.
occupancy (POW vehicles and for all other vehicles