Figure 2-1b Site Planning and Design Process.
time lag between the planning and design stages.
improves in-house communication. The multi-
DD Forms 1391 and PDB's are often deficient in
disciplinary approach helps avoid problems which
their treatment of site concerns. They become the
arise from an incomplete understanding of the
source of budget and design problems. At the
program and the site.
crucial point where program and site analyses are
b. Process Chart. The problems described above
synthesized into a concept, there may be confusion
may be expected when the two-staged process
as to who should do this. Planners may view
transitions from planning to design. Figure 2-1
concept development as an unnecessary design
diagrams a flow of planning and design tasks
exercise when accurate site data (especially, the
necessary to take a site plan from preliminary
topographic survey) is not complete or available.
planning through 35 percent design. It also lists
Subsequently, designers may view basic conceptua-
the subjects addressed by the tasks. The tasks
lization as a planning function which already
are program analysis; site analysis; and con-
should have occurred. Some concept development
cept development. Concept development includes
should take place on both sides of the funding
spatial diagrams, sketch site plans, and concept
process. Involving a variety of disciplines as early
site plans. The diagram indicates at the bottom of
as possible facilitates both planning and design. It
each task the resulting products. While the flow