The market area needs 169 new developed camp-

generally occur on weekends or holidays. How-

sites to meet the unsatisfied demand for tent

ever, in most circumstances, recreation plan-

camping.

n e r s employ smaller numbers than those

b. If the demand for a given activity is greater

generated by peaks so that facilities are not

than the carrying capacity, the remaining or

overbuilt and underused. If a formula involves

surplus capacity is the basis for computation of

peaks, it is important to know if some adjust-

facility needs. The forecasted demand for tent

ment is made for their inclusion. Just as the

camping in the area of Fort Smith is 1,250,000

outdoor recreation director may need to revise

visits per year. The installation is in a north-

recreation standards, he should also assess the

temperate location and the area is substantially

value of any formula for his individual situa-

urbanized. Suitable land for development of ad-

tion. Two fairly simple methods of computing

ditional campgrounds is scarce, and the carrying

facility needs are described as follows. If the

number for demand in figure 4-4 is less than the

capacity is estimated to be 800,000 visits per year,

less than the forecasted demand. The existing

number for optimum carrying capacity, use the

supply of 625 campsites is being utilized at ca-

demand deficit number in conjunction with the

pacity, which is 500,000 visits per year. The rec-

use standard to compute the amount of addi-

reation season for tent camping in this location

tional facilities needed to satisfy demand. Oth-

is mid-April to mid-October, or about 200 days,

erwise, the difference between the carrying

because of harsh winter weather. The facility

capacity and the existing capacity forms the ba-

needs in this instance are calculated by sub-

sis for computation. Following are examples of

tracting existing capacity from the carrying ca-

these methods of computation:

a. If the demand for a given activity is less

pacity:

than the optimal carrying capacity, the facility

800,000-500,000 = 300,000

needs are computed by first, changing the figure

for demand deficit to a positive number (change

The figure for remaining capacity is divided by

the sign) and then back-calculating to obtain

the length of the recreation season to obtain the

the amount of new facilities needed. For ex-

daily or one-time-use capacity:

ample, it is estimated that the demand for tent

300,000/200 = 1500 visits/day

camping in the area of Fort U.S. will be 375,000

visits per year in five years. The existing supply

This figure, in turn, is divided by the use stand-

of developed campsites can sustain an annual

ard of 4 persons per campsite to obtain the fa-

use of 240,000 visits, and current visitation is

cility needs, or in this case, the maximum number

nearly at capacity now. Ample land is available

of new campsites that potentially could be es-

for new campsite development and carrying ca-

tablished according to the estimate of carrying

pacity is estimated at over 525,000 visits per year.

capacity.

The demand deficit for tent camping is 135,000

=

1500/4

375

visits or 240,000 visits minus 375,000 visits. The

facility needs are computed by first changing the

Note that, in this example, it is not possible to

demand deficit to a positive number and then

meet the unsatisfied demand for camping as the

dividing this number by the number of days in

demand exceeds the total capacity of the area

the year that camping facilities are available for

to provide sites for this activity. The remaining

use. In the area of Fort U. S., which is a north-

portion of unmet demand should be satisfied by

temperate location with relatively harsh win-

facilities in adjacent market areas if possible.

ters, campgrounds are closed from mid-October

Alternatively, additional unsatisfied demand can

to mid-April. The length of the camping season

sometimes be met by improvement of existing

is about 200 days. Therefore, the initial calcu-

facilities to increase their use capacity or changes

lations are as follows:

in management such as extending the season of

use.

Absolute value of 135,000 = 135,000

135,000/200 =

The figure above is the daily or one-time-use ca-

pacity needed to meet unsatisfied demand. The

Review existing and proposed outdoor recrea-

next step is to divide this number by the average

tion to determine its ability to adequately pro-

number of users per campsite which is 4 persons.

vide recreation activities and satisfy demand.

Land use conditions vary considerably from one

675/4 = 168.75

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