DEVELOPMENT OF THE LONG-RANGE PLAN
-Efficient utility service.
-Protection of natural resources.
Chapter 3 described the evaluation of the phys-
-Resolution of site problems.
ical and cultural environment of the installation
-Enhancement of site.
as it pertains to development of outdoor rec-
-Potential for phased development.
reation. Chapter 4 described the evaluation of
the recreation supply and the means of esti-
-Potential for expansion.
Not all objectives need be based on physical de-
mating demand, carrying capacity, and facility-
needs. This chapter explains how the outdoor
sign considerations. Management decisions such
recreation director should translate the facility
as hours of operation and maintenance sched-
needs into a plan for long-range development.
ules also influence the ultimate quality of the
recreation experience. However, the goals and
5-2. Conceptual alternatives.
objectives give direction to the decision-making
process as it evolves during conceptual plan-
The conceptual phase of planning for outdoor
recreation synthesizes the needs of the instal-
b. Site analysis. Often, the outdoor recreation
lation with the particular opportunities and
director has an idea of where to locate activities
constraints of specific sites.
and facilities based upon his knowledge of the
a. Goals and objectives. When developing a
installation, the pattern of existing land use, a
conceptual approach for a long-range recrea-
subjective impression of site capability, instal-
tion plan, the outdoor recreation director should
lation user desires, and installation land use pol-
first prepare a set of goals and objectives he
icies. This information is sufficient for the initial
intends to achieve. The solution of problems and
allocation of facilities. Later, however, the di-
deficiencies revealed during the evaluation phase
rector must evaluate his selection to be certain
often represent desirable goals and objectives.
that there are no factors which render the site
Among the goals an installation might deter-
unsuitable for the proposed use or place it in
mine to achieve are:
conflict with adjacent uses. For this purpose, a
Provision for all or a defined amount of out-
site analysis which depicts the principal oppor-
door recreation on the installation.
tunities and constraints can be useful (fig 5-1).
-Provision of new outdoor recreation expe-
-Equitable distribution of facilities.
(1) Compatibility. Are adjacent land uses
compatible with the proposed recreation? Do ac-
Provision of highest-quality facilities.
tivities on adjacent land generate noise or vi-
-Conservation of natural resources.
bration that will detract from the recreation
Improvement of the natural environment.
experience? Conversely, will the proposed rec-
Improvement of operations, maintenance, and
reation use generate noise that is incompatible
security in recreation areas.
with an adjacent land use? Do activities on ad-
Objectives are means of accomplishing goals and
jacent land generate unacceptable levels of
should be responsive to the particular combi-
smoke or dust? Are there unacceptable visual
nation of natural and man-made conditions in
intrusions in the adjacent landscape such as di-
the recreation area. Objectives should be based
lapidated buildings, overhead transmission lines,
on such factors as:
billboards, and so on?
Physical requirements of outdoor recreation
(2) Safety and vandalism. Are there safety
activities and facilities.
hazards? For example, consider a picnic site, near
Separation or connection between individual
a housing area, in a wooded tract which is tucked
outdoor recreation activities.
away out of sight of all buildings and streets.
Separation from or connection to adjacent
While the site offers an excellent natural setting
in the midst of a built-up area, it is likely, after
dark, to become a "hang-out" and any facilities
Efficient access and circulation.
are exceptionally vulnerable to vandalism due
-Convenient and efficient siting of facilities.
to the seclusion of the site. Such a location should
Ease of operations, maintenance and secu-
not be selected unless appropriate lighting and/