25 October 2004
Energy Policy Act of 1992. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 created
conservation and energy-efficiency requirements for the federal government and
consumers. The Act requires federal agencies to install, by January 1, 2005, energy
and water conservation measures that will achieve acceptable payback periods. (A
payback period is the time required to recoup the initial investment in a product or
service.) LID techniques such as vegetated roofs and landscape shading can help a
facility treat stormwater runoff, meet energy reduction goals, and possibly extend the life
of infrastructure such as roofs. Water collected from rain barrels and cisterns for
landscaping can be used to reduce a facility's water consumption, again helping to meet
the Act's goals.
Estuaries and Clean Waters Act of 2000. The Estuaries and Clean Waters
Act of 2000 established a program to utilize federal, state and private funding to support
locally proposed watershed restoration projects. Under the Act, all Chesapeake Bay
agreements are now codified, meaning that all agreements that DoD has signed are
now law. Under the Act, federal agencies that own or operate a facility within the
Chesapeake Bay watershed must participate in regional and sub-watershed planning
and restoration programs. Additionally, the Act states that:
"The head of each Federal agency that owns or occupies real property in
the Chesapeake Bay watershed shall ensure that the property, and
actions taken by the agency with respect to the property, complies with the
Chesapeake Bay Agreement, the Federal Agencies Chesapeake Bay
Unified Plan, and any subsequent agreements and plans."
Lastly, by 2010, the Chesapeake Bay watershed must be off the impaired waters list or
it will be subject to TMDL requirements. Stricter discharge limits may result. Wherever
discharge limits are imposed, LID techniques can be used to control the discharge of
pollutants in stormwater.
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. The National Environmental
Policy Act of 1969 requires facilities to conduct and document environmental analyses
and seek advice, participation, or comment from appropriate governmental agencies,
and inform interested public and private organizations. The analyses include many
aspects covering land use, air and water quality, wildlife and their habitats,
socioeconomic factors, human health and safety, and natural and historical resources.
By incorporating LID into site design, facilities can minimize adverse affects of new
development on the environment (e.g., topography, stormwater, vegetation).
Sikes Act. The Sikes Act requires facilities to manage natural resources via
an approved Integrated Natural Resource Management Plan. This plan serves as the
facility plan for managing its ecosystems, including watersheds and wetlands.
Consistent with the goals of the Sikes Act, the use of LID techniques will help maintain
the natural landscape and its hydrology.
DIRECTIVES. DoD facilities also must meet various Presidential Executive
Orders (EOs) or directives in addition to meeting federal laws. This section lists the