25 October 2004
INTRODUCTION. As with other types of construction projects, LID designs
must meet DoD criteria and specifications before they can be approved. In addition,
state and local zoning requirements and building codes may apply. This section
provides an overview of these institutional issues and how they can be addressed
COMPLIANCE WITH DOD CRITERIA. Three primary concerns associated
with obtaining DoD approval for using LID are listed below.
Compliance with DoD Design Criteria. LID techniques will comply with
DoD design criteria. This UFC has the approval of Naval Facilities Engineering
Command for compliance with Navy and DoD criteria and is written with the express
purpose of assisting site engineers with satisfying DoD design criteria.
Cost-Effectiveness. The cost-effectiveness of LID-based projects may
affect DoD approval. LID projects that incorporate newer technology may involve higher
design and construction costs and may take more time to receive approval as a result.
Whether or not this is the case for a particular site will depend on the level of experience
that the project managers, engineers, and contractors have with LID techniques, and on
the receptiveness of permitting authorities to LID practices. As with any new approach,
the cost of implementing LID will decrease as institutional experience increases and the
benefits of using LID are realized in practice.
Antiterrorism/Force Protection. All DoD facilities must comply with
UFC 4-010-01, Design: DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings. If any
conflict occurs between this UFC and UFC 4-010-01, the requirements of UFC 4-010-01
FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACCEPTANCE. Every
new construction or retrofit project must meet applicable federal, state, and local
regulatory requirements pertaining to construction materials, elevation and drainage,
stormwater management, historic features, and wetlands protection. Because LID may
be a new concept in some areas, DoD personnel may have to plan for additional
reviews to gain support for LID as an effective alternative to traditional stormwater
BUILDING CODES. For some DoD facilities, all projects, including LID
designs, must meet UFC 1-200-01, Design: General Building Requirements. As with
any project, the project manager or contractor must ensure that the project meets all
applicable zoning, land use, or development regulations and must identify any special
waivers, modifications, or processes that may be needed to gain approval. The design
details should be evaluated for conformance with standard building codes to address
access, safety and health issues.