SPe

Mmax '

(lb&ft/S)

(eq 6-6)

(12)(12)

(2) When w *> *0 and P is *not *eccentric, the maximum moment occurs at mid-height of the wall where x =

h/2 and equation 6-5 2becomes:

Swh

Mmax '

(lb&ft/S)

(eq 6-7)

(12)(8)

(3) When w *> *0, P is eccentric, and the moments due to "w" and "Pe" are additive; the location of the

maximum moment can be determined by differentiating the moment equation with respect to x, setting the

equation equal to zero, and then solving for x. By performing this operation on equation 6-3, the "x" location

where the maximum moment occurs can be determined as follows--

dMx

wh

Pe

'

%

& wx '0

dx

2

12h

Solving for x;

h

Pe

x'

%

(ft)

(eq 6-8)

2

12wh

It should be reiterated that this maximum moment condition will occur only when the moment due to the

eccentricity of the axial loads and the moment due to the lateral load are additive. Substituting equation 6-8

into 6-2, the maximum moment, per length of wall equal to reinforcing bar spacing, 5, can be found as

follows:

S(Ra)2

Mmax '

(ft&lbs/S)

(eq 6-9)

2w

Equations similar to 6-3 through 6-9 can be similarly derived for the case when the moment due to lateral

loading and the moment due to eccentric axial loading are not additive.

P % w2(h & x)

fa '

(psi)

(eq 6-10)

Ae

Where:

w2 = The weight of the wall, psf.

Ae = The effective area of the wall, in2/ft.

(1) When x = h (top of wall), there is no wall weight and equation 6-10 becomes:

P

fa '

(psi)

(eq 6-11)

Ae

(2) When x = 0 (bottom of wall) the entire wall weight is included and equation 6-10 becomes:

P % w2h

fa '

(psi)

(eq 6-12)

Ae

(1) In walls subject to combined axial compression and flexural stresses, the masonry will be designed

in accordance with the interaction equations as follows--

fa

fb

fa

Mx

# 1.00

%

%

OR

(eq 6-13)

Fa

Fb

Fa

Mrm

Since a 33% overstress is allowed when wind or seismic loads are considered, the allowable stresses and

resisting moment in equation 6-13 may be increased by 33% or interaction equation 6-14 may be used.

fa

fb

fa

Mx

# 1.33

%

%

OR

(eq 6-14)

Fa

Fb

Fa

Mrm

(2) In walls subject to combined axial and flexural stress, the reinforcing steel will be designed using

interaction equations as follows:

Mx

fa

# 1.00

&

(eq 6-15)

Mrs

Fa

Since a 33% overstress is allowed when wind or seismic loads are considered, the allowable stress and

resisting moment in equation 6-15 may be increased by 33% or interaction equation 6-16 may be used.

Mx

fa

# 1.33

&

(eq 6-16)

Mrs

Fa

Integrated Publishing, Inc. |