1 October 1997
EXCERPTS FROM EPA RESOURCE RECOVERY MANAGEMENT MODEL
A-1. INTRODUCTION. The U.S.A. Environmental Protection Agency developed a model for
the planning and construction of resource recovery facilities based on the successes and
failures experienced in the civilian sector. This model has been used successfully in
subsequent planning and construction of facilities since its issuance. Excerpts from this
document are provided here in order to orient the user of this manual to the type of detail and
the scope of activities that must be analyzed if the project is to be successful.
a. The management model (SW-768) can be obtained from the National Technical
Information Service (NTIS) and though recommended as the basis for the planning and
construction scheduling for civilian projects it is applicable to military resource recovery
projects as well.
b. The material reproduced from the Management Model document only covers excerpts
from the Introduction and the List of Activities required during the Feasibility Screening and the
Feasibility Analysis phases. This should help the reader to appreciate the scope of these initial
phases in a successful project and should provide the basis for project activity checklists.
Failure to provide complete answers to questions or unresolved issues in any of these areas
can mean the difference between success or failure of the project.
A-2. GENERAL DISCUSSION. Resource recovery refers to the collection and reuse of solid
waste, generally residential and commercial waste, for the production of commodities in the
form of energy and materials, either at a central processing facility or by source separation, or
both. This effort has gained recognition over the last decade as a partial solution to two major
problems confronting this country: the need for environmentally sound disposal of solid
wastes, including the need to reduce dependence on land disposal; and the need for alternate
energy sources, including energy conservation. While the concept is not new, the potential in
more communities for its use as a method for solid waste disposal has stimulated rapid growth
in both large- and small-scale systems technology.
A-3. KEY QUESTIONS. In considering resource recovery, the following key questions must
be addressed and resolved:
a. Is sufficient refuse available to support a resource recovery project and can it be
committed in the long term to a facility?
b. Do realistic long-term markets for energy and materials products exist?
c. Are sites and technologies available which are environmentally sound and politically
d. Do local laws permit procurement options and necessary contractual agreements?
e. Is the project financially feasible?