SITE PLANNING AND DESIGN PROCESS
overall installation requirements. Army Regula-
tion (AR) 210-20 and Technical Manual (TM)
The site planning and design process applies a
5-803-1 provide additional information concerning
man-made, or constructed, system upon a natural,
the master plan.
or ecological, system. Site planning procedures, or
b. Department of Defense (DD) Form 1391 (FY-
courses of action, recognize the opportunities and
Military Construction Project Data) and the TM
constraints presented by both. Each site is unique,
5-800-3, Project Development Brochure (PDB). Site
and the functions on each site present different
selection is accomplished in the master plan proce-
problems and opportunities. Site design procedures
dures. DD Form 1391 and the PDB provide docu-
develop specific methods to create the optimal
mentation of site selection. Preparation of these
relationship between facilities and site. The rela-
documents is the initial step in site planning. The
tionship among facilities, the site and its sur-
decisions made in the documents are not easily
roundings helps determine the installation's envi-
changed. It is important to acquire as much
ronmental and design quality.
information as possible on which to base these
2-2. Goals and Objectives.
decisions. It is also important to consider as
The goals of site planning and design are to
broadly as possible the potential needs of the user
contribute to the overall functional efficiency, con-
relative to the site. AR 415-15 provides additional
servation of resources, economic stability and qual-
information concerning Military Construction,
ity of life of the installation. Objectives in support
Army program development.
of these goals for individual projects are to:
c. Installation Design Guide. The installation
a. Ensure the project accomplishes its basic
design guide provides guidelines for creating a
function with maximum efficiency and economy.
visually consistent, harmonious and attractive in-
b. Ensure a safe environment.
stallation. TM 5-803-5 provides further informa-
c. Provide proper relationships with surround-
tion on the design guide. The design guide recom-
mends development of a pleasant and efficient
d. Allow for expansion.
physical environment for the site by:
e. Contribute to overall project cost effective-
(1) Defining natural site assets.
(2) Harmonizing the natural and built envi-
f. Create designs which contribute to the quality
of life of soldiers and civilian personnel.
(3) Providing an efficient organization of func-
g. Provide energy-efficient design solutions.
tion to land use and to vehicular circulation.
h. Provide environmentally sensitive and visu-
(4) Defining a consistent architectural charac-
ally pleasing design.
i. Take full advantage of natural site amenities.
(5) Providing a visual theme for the site com-
2-3. Relationship to the Installation Master
d. Installation Contacts. Because development of
Plan and the Installation Design Guide.
individual sites affect and are affected by other
In the military system, planning and designing
areas of the installation, it is important to consult
individual sites are part of a larger process affect-
with various personnel who may contribute infor-
ing development of the installation as a whole.
mation and expertise. Valuable contacts may in-
Site planning and design impact and are impacted
clude users of surrounding facilities, traffic and
by all phases of land development including the
transportation personnel, and security personnel.
2-4. Site Planning and Design Process.
a. Installation Master Plan. The installation
master plan provides comprehensive documenta-
Site planning and design comprise a two-staged
process. Site planning proposes a program of activ-
tion of the existing conditions of natural, man-
made and human resources. It also guides future
ity, evaluates a site, and organizes the program on
land-use development. The information found in
the site. Site design details the program on the
the master plan forms the foundation for site
site, eventually resulting in final construction
documents. Chapter 3 describes the procedures for
planning. The master plan is a mechanism for
ensuring that individual projects are sited to meet
site planning; chapter 5 describes the procedures