e) Intakes should be located so that tributary
streams and treated or untreated wastes cannot be
short-circuited through the reservoir to the intake.
Sites should be as close as possible to the area
g) Plan for a gravity aqueduct from the intake to the
point of delivery.
h) The site should have a minimum of shallow areas
when flooded, since shallows encourage growth of weeds.
i) To reduce silting, seek the smallest practicable
Reservoir Site Preparation. Before constructing dams
and appurtenances, perform the following operations at the
a) Demolish and remove all structures below the high
waterline. Consider removal of structures above the high
b) Clear and grub all trees, stumps, brush, weeds and
grass below the high waterline. Clearing above this line may
encourage an objectionable growth of underbrush.
c) Remove all sanitary waste and waste disposal
structures, such as septic tanks and cesspools from the entire
d) Remove as much muck from swamps as possible, with
Drain all pockets in marginal swamps.
Dams . For collateral reading, refer to Department of
the Interior, Design of Small Dams.
Earthfill . Use earthfill dams wherever construction
materials are available nearby and where a suitable spillway can
be secured. A qualified expert in soil mechanics should be