AVIATION FACILITIES PLANNING
2.1. Applicability. Much of the criteria in this chapter apply to Aviation Facilities Planning for the
Army only and are intended for use together with the design criteria presented elsewhere in this manual.
Use of these criteria produces the right facilities, in the right place, at the right time. Navy aviation
planning is covered in NAVFAC P-80, Facility Planning Factor Criteria for Navy and Marine Corps
Shore Installations, and NAVFAC P 80.3, Appendix E, Airfield Safety Clearances. Aviation facilities
planning for the Air Force is discussed in Air Force Instruction (AFI) 32-1024, Standard Facility
Requirements, and Air Force Handbook (AFH) 32-1084, Standard Facility Requirements Handbook. In
some cases, Air Force and Navy agencies and documents have been noted.
2.1.1. Manual Usage. Integration of aviation facilities planning with other Department of Defense
(DoD) planning processes entails broad considerations. For example, the National Environmental
Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) has significantly affected aviation facilities planning by requiring that
environmental impacts be considered early and throughout the planning process. In using this
manual, planners should recognize that planning an aviation facility not only requires planning for
runways, taxiways, aprons, and buildings, but must also consider environmental factors, land use
considerations, airspace constraints, and surrounding infrastructure.
2.1.2. Terms. The following terms, for the purpose of this manual, define cumulative areas of
consideration when planning aviation facilities. These terms are defined in attachment 1.
18.104.22.168. Aviation facility
22.214.171.124. Airside facilities
126.96.36.199. Landside facilities
188.8.131.52. Aviation movement or action
2.1.3. Planning Process. Aviation facilities planning involves collecting data, forecasting demand,
determining facility requirements, analyzing alternatives, and preparing plans and schedules for
facility development. The aviation facilities planning process must consider the mission and use of
the aviation facility and its effect on the general public. The planning process cannot be completed
without knowing the facility's primary mission and assigned organization and types of aircraft.
Figure 2.1 provides general steps in the aviation facilities planning process.
2.1.4. Planning Elements. The elements of an aviation facility's planning process will vary in
complexity and degree of application, depending on the size, function, and problems of the facility.
The technical steps described in this manual should be undertaken only to the extent necessary to
produce a well-planned aviation facility.
2.1.5. Guidance. This chapter is structured and organized to provide guidance to planners intending
to plan, design, or modify an aviation facility to comply with standardized criteria.
2.1.6. Additional Planning Factors. As discussed in Chapter 1, there are additional planning factors
such as pavement design, airfield marking, and Terminal Instrument Procedures (TERPS) that must
be considered when planning aviation facilities.
2.1.7. Space Allowances. Space allowances, presented in attachment 3, should be used when
planning Army aviation facilities. Space allowances are presented in NAVFAC P-80 for Navy
facilities and AFH 32-1084, Facility Requirements Handbook, for Air Force facilities.