role of the mission. There are, however, general considerations which apply in most cases, such
22.214.171.124.1. Adherence to standards in support of safety in aircraft operations.
126.96.36.199.2. Non-interference with line of sight or other operational restrictions.
188.8.131.52.3. Use of existing facilities.
184.108.40.206.4. Flexibility in being able to accommodate changes in aircraft types or missions.
220.127.116.11.5. Efficiency in ground access.
18.104.22.168.6. Priority accorded aeronautical activities where available land is limited.
22.214.171.124. Helipads. Helipads are authorized at locations where aircraft are not permanently
assigned but have a need for access based upon supporting a continuing and recurrent aviation
mission. For example, hospitals, depot facilities, and headquarters buildings are authorized one
or more helipads. These facilities must be included in the approved Airfield Master Plan.
126.96.36.199. Facilities Used by Multiple Services. At airfields used by multiple services, the
planning and design of facilities will be coordinated between the appropriate services. The lead
for coordination is the appropriate facilities/engineering echelon of the service which owns the
2.4. Planning Studies:
2.4.1. Master Plan. Knowledge of existing facilities, mission, and aircraft, combined with a realistic
assumption of future requirements, is essential to the development of Master Plans. Principles and
guidelines for development of Master Plans at an aviation facility are contained in the following
188.8.131.52. Army: AR 210-20, Master Planning for Army Installation.
184.108.40.206. Air Force: AFI 32-7062, Air Force Comprehensive Planning.
220.127.116.11. Navy/Marines: E-I, Installation Planning, Design and Management Guide (Draft).
2.4.2. Land Use Studies. Long-range land use planning is a primary strategy for protecting a
facility from problems which arise from aviation-generated noise and incompatible land uses.
Aircraft noise can adversely affect the quality of the human environment. Federal agencies are
required to work with local, regional, state, and other Federal agencies to foster compatible land
uses, both on and off the boundaries of the aviation facility. The Air Installation Compatible Use
Zone (AICUZ) and Installation Compatible Use Zone (ICUZ) programs promote land use
compatibility through active land use planning.
2.4.3. Environmental Studies. Development of an aviation facility including expansion of an
existing aviation facility requires compliance with a variety of environmental policies and
regulations. NEPA requires all Federal agencies to consider the potential environmental impacts of
certain proposed projects and activities, as directed by DoD Directives 6050.1, Environmental
Effects in the United States of DoD Actions, and 6050.7, Environmental Effects Abroad of Major
Department of Defense Actions. Implementation of these regulations is defined for each service in
the following documents: Army: AR 200-2, Environmental Effects of Army Actions; Air Force:
AFI 32-7061, Environmental Impact Analysis Process; and Navy and Marine Corps: OPNAVINST
5090.1B (MCO 5090.2), Environmental and Natural Resources Program Manual. Four broad