188.8.131.52 Bird Hazards. Land disposal of putrescible wastes may attract
birds. A solid waste disposal facility should be located no closer than
10,000 feet (3050 meters) from airports serving jet aircraft, and 5,000 f
(1,525 meters) from airports serving only propeller aircraft. These
distances are stipulated by EPA to minimize the opportunity for birds fly
from and to landfills to intercept a landing or departing airplane. Soli
waste disposal sites within this "danger zone," as detailed by the Federa
Register, are not prohibited, but special precautions must be taken to
assure that bird hazards resulting from solid waste disposal do not occur
7.3.4 Costs. Early in the selection process, the relative costs of
alternative sites should be estimated for comparison. For valid cost
comparisons, three cost elements should be estimated: capital costs over
the life of the site, annual operating costs, and waste haul costs.
Capital costs should include primarily:
Survey and geology work.
Design engineering and Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)
Legal costs (permitting, etc.).
Site improvement overhead (SIOH).
Monitoring well installation.
Equipment purchases (initial and recurring replacements).
Annual operating costs should be estimated for:
Labor and benefits.
Equipment, fuel. maintenance, and parts.
Laboratory analysis of water samples.
Closure and postclosure operations.
Haul costs include estimates of the cost to transport wastes from poi
of generation to the disposal site. This cost would be higher as the
distance increases. If a transfer station is used, the haul cost would
include both the costs for station ownership/operation and the transport
the landfill by transfer rigs.
Once all of these costs are determined, the capital costs should be
annualized and a life cycle cost estimate developed to allow direct
comparison between sites with different site lives.
7.3.5 Site Selection Methodology. Candidate sites for a new sanitary
landfill can be selected in the study area by first eliminating all
unsuitable areas. Unsuitable areas include those that are already develo
or set aside for other uses, areas with undesirable geology, soils, or
surface or groundwater conditions (e.g., floodplains), areas with limited
site capacity, and critical flora or fauna habitat, or archaeologically