Once several candidate sites have been selected for further
consideration as sanitary landfills, they are assessed in relation to the
criteria discussed above. A rating system similar to that outlined for
transfer station site selection (see Section 5) can also be used for
screening alternative sanitary landfills sites.
Sanitary Landfill Design.
7.4.1 Introduction. This section provides guidance on design
considerations for a sanitary landfill. The objectives of a landfill des
a) Ensure compliance with pertinent regulatory guidelines and
b) Provide adequate present and long-term protection of the
c) Achieve cost-efficient utilization of site manpower, equipment,
volume, and soil.
d) Direct and guide operators toward proper construction and
operation of the landfill.
7.4.2 Regulations and Permits. Many regulatory and approving agencies
require permits before a landfill can be constructed or operated.
Permit requirements of state and local agencies vary depending on
jurisdiction. In some areas, only one permit is needed. Other states ma
require several separate permits or stipulate that a new sanitary landfil
proponent coordinate with several agencies.
Sanitary landfill regulations can be the responsibility of one or mor
state agencies. Table 1 (see Section 1) lists the various state agencies
(including addresses and telephone numbers) responsible for solid waste
disposal activities in those states.
Local regulatory agencies having regulatory authorization are given i
The reviewing agency may require the submittal of information on
standard forms or in a prescribed format in order to facilitate the revie
process. This process can take at least 1 month and usually 6 to 12 mont
or longer, depending on the degree of controversy and opposition. A
conceptual landfill design is generally an integral part of the applicati
for such permits. Accordingly, all pertinent agencies should be contacte
early in the design phase to:
a) Identify regulations impacting on the prospective landfill.
b) Determine the extent, detail, and format of the application.
c) Obtain permit application forms and other background