Section 2: PLANNING FOR SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
AT NAVY INSTALLATIONS
2.1 Introduction. When planning for solid waste management facilities a
operations at Havy shore installations, the following steps are suggested
Determine existing and projected solid waste quantities and
Design and evaluate solid waste collection system
Evaluate opportunities for recycling and resource recovery and
design, select, and implement a system(s), if cost-effective.
Evaluate solid waste disposal systems and modify, design, and
select the most viable system(s).
2.2 Solid Waste Characteristics. A knowledge of existing and projected
solid waste quantities and characteristics is important in selecting and
designing all of the other elements in the solid waste management plan.
Solid waste to be handled/disposed of at a Navy installation may come
from onsite sources only, or may also come from offsite sources (e.g., a
nearby city or town or other nearby Navy installation) if the installatio
has agreed to participate in a regional solid waste program.
Navy installations generally do not generate large quantities of soli
waste. Almost 60 percent of the 39 surveyed Navy installations generated
less than 60 tons (54 metric tons) per day of solid waste, and none
generated more than 300 tons (272 metric tons) per day (see Stearns, Conr
and Schmidt [SCS] Engineers, Analysis of Responses to Questionnaire for
Naval Shore Facilities Solid Waste Management Practices and Procedures),
73.012. Therefore, disposal systems at most Navy installations need to b
capable of handling only relatively small amounts of solid waste. Furthe
solid waste volumes are generally too low to economically support
sophisticated handling, processing, and disposal techniques available for
large solid waste quantities, unless such endeavors are undertaken in
conjunction with other naval installations or with local governments. A
description of these techniques, including design information, is present
in Section 6.
2.3.1 Direct Haul. Waste is typically hauled in the collection vehicle
from the point of collection to a disposal site. This procedure is calle
Solid waste may be collected by either Navy personnel or contracto
There may also be a combination of approaches, depending on conditions at
a specific installation. A common arrangement includes contracted
collection in the family housing areas, and collection by Navy personnel
from the commercial and industrial sources. However, collection and haul
from all areas of an installation can be accomplished by Navy personnel o