Section 3: Solid Waste Characteristics

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3.1  Introduction.  Solid waste types and quantities generated for a Navy
installation can best be determined by means of a field survey.  (The fie
survey methodology is provided in Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory (NCE
TN-1712, Phase II of the Waste Assessment Method for Navy Shore Activitie
Proposed Survey Method.  The overall waste characterization process is
contained in the M. Roberts, and K. Sevanson, Heat Recovery Application
Guide.)  If resources are unavailable to conduct such a survey, estimates
can be made based on existing solid waste generation data for other naval
installations.  In the event offsite solid wastes will be accepted as a
result of involvement in a regional solid waste program, it is also
important to ascertain solid waste types and quantities from these source
A knowledge of the quantities and characteristics of solid wastes to be
disposed of is important since these factors affect:
a)  The method of disposal to be selected (e.g. incineration,
landfilling, etc.).
b)  The size and throughput capacity of the disposal facility require
c)  Environmental impacts at the disposal location (e.g., types of
potential air pollutants).
d)  Viability of recycling and resource recovery (e.g., source
separation, landfill gas (LFG) generation/recovery, heat recovery
incineration, etc.).
3.2  Solid Waste Types.  The types of solid waste that can be expected to
generated at various installation sources are presented in Table 2.  This
information, and the information contained in Figure 1 and Tables 3 and 4
was determined as part of a solid waste generation survey sponsored by th
NCEL in 1972.  Solid waste composition that can be expected from an offsi
municipality is presented in Table 5.
3.3  Waste Quantities.  Table 3 shows reported average per capita solid
waste generation rates for family housing areas for Navy installations as
whole.  Information sources include the NCEL survey effort, the NAVFAC
MO-213, Solid Waste Management Manual, and a 1971 survey conducted by the
U.S. Air Force of 90 Air Force installations.
Figure 1 presents reported per capita solid waste generation rates by
installation classification for 37 surveyed Navy installations, excluding
family solid waste, but including such materials as industrial and
demolition type solid waste.
Table 4 provides unit,emission factors (e.g., pounds of solid waste p
square foot of building space per day) for various Navy installation
sources.  Table 6 provides solid waste generation rates for Navy
installations (excluding family housing) and for other sources.  Emission
factors for buildings with similar functions compare favorably between
installations in most cases.  For a more detailed discussion of emission
factors, see SCS Engineers, Solid Waste Composition and Emission Factors
Selected Naval Activities.

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