TM 5-852-4/AFM 88-19, Chap. 4
U. S. Army Corps of Engineers
Figure 4-44. Test observations, 1962-63, 8-inch steel pipe pile, placed with silt-water slurry in dry-augered hole51. "Heave
force test pile" was restrained in order to obtain force measurements, permitting only the minimal movement shown.
"Unrestrained pile55 was an identical pile allowed to heave freely with no imposed vertical loading.