TM 5-852-4/AFM 88-19, Chap. 4
U. S. Army Corps of Engineers
Figure 4-45. Test observations, 1962-63, creosoted timber pile, average diameter. Heave force pile, 14 in.; unrestrained
pile, 12 in. Placed with sill-water slurry in dry-augered hole51. "Heave force test pile" was restrained in order to obtain
force measurements, permitting only the ,minimal movement shown. "Unrestrained pile" was an identical pile allowed to
heave freely with no imposed vertical loading.