1 DECEMBER 2002
Wallboard typically does not contain asbestos, but the joint compound may. OSHA
considers the joint compound and wallboard separate materials. NESHAPs considers
them as a whole. Therefore, it may be necessary to test samples of both wallboard and
joint compound separately to determine worker safety requirements, and also test
composite samples of wallboard and joint compound to determine disposal
Materials that have a high probability of being crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to
powder as part of demolition must be removed before demolition begins. Friable and
most non-friable ACM should be removed by qualified personnel using appropriate
controls and protective devices in accordance with OSHA standards and the Clean Air
Act Asbestos NESHAP. The disposal of non-friable ACMs is not regulated at the
Federal level; however, States may have more stringent regulations. ACM that is
removed must be labeled as such, wetted, bagged, transported in covered vehicles with
no visible emissions, and disposed of at an authorized landfill. In most cases, these
materials can be disposed of in a C&D or municipal solid waste landfill, but State and
local regulations should be checked beforehand. State and local agencies which
require handling and licensing procedures for landfills can supply a list of "approved" or
licensed asbestos disposal sites upon request.
Specific demolition and cleanup practices for ACM are provided in Corps of Engineers
Guide Specification (UFGS13280), Asbestos Abatement, and the Environmental
Protection Agency publication, Demolition Practices Under the Asbestos NESHAP,
RECYCLE (Asbestos Containing Material)
Any materials containing asbestos shall not be recycled and must be disposed of
properly in accordance with State and local landfill regulations.
RECOVER (Asbestos Containing Material)
Any materials containing asbestos shall not be recovered or reused. Asbestos removal
and remediation cost will be a strong factor in the fate of a structure, whether or not it is
economical to reuse or demolish.
DECONSTRUCT (Asbestos Containing Material)
Before deconstruction and any further activity, all the ACM must be removed by
qualified personnel using the appropriate control and protective devices in accordance
with OSHA standards and the Clean Air Act Asbestos NESHAP (40 CFR 61sections140
- 157, http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_00/40cfr61_00.html).