1 DECEMBER 2002
The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) requires mixtures like construction and
demolition debris that include PCB-containing materials to be regulated to the
requirements of the highest classification of PCB concentration. For this reason, all
known PCB materials should be removed and disposed properly prior to demolition.
Manufacturers of PCB-containing materials and equipment were required to label these
items with the PCB classification. Where this was not done, owners of these items were
required to affix classification labels. Yet even fluorescent light ballasts labeled "no
PCB" may contain PCBs in the potting material. Therefore, waste managers must use
the TCLP sampling method to characterize waste known to contain either potting
material that may contain PCBs or unlabeled capacitors and lighting ballasts.
Federal disposal requirements apply to C&D debris contaminated by 50 parts per million
(ppm) or greater NLPCBs when originally removed from service, even if the current
NLPCB concentration is less than 50 ppm. C&D debris that contained less than 50 ppm
NLPCBs before removal from service is not regulated.
PCB disposal requirements are contained in 40 CFR Part 761, Polychlorinated
Biphenyls (PCBs) Manufacturing, Processing, Distribution in Commerce and Use
Prohibitions (http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_00/40cfr761_00.html) and
applicable state and local regulations. NOTE: Several states regulate PCBs and
NLPCBs as hazardous waste, and in those states, HW disposal requirements must be
followed in addition to the federal PCB requirements.
PCB bulk product wastes may be disposed of in an incinerator, chemical waste landfill,
or hazardous waste landfill, or may be decontaminated in accordance with the detailed
procedures in 40 CFR 761.79. The selection of disposal methods is detailed in 40 CFR
There is also an option to dispose of certain PCB bulk product wastes in a State-
permitted municipal landfill or non-municipal non-hazardous waste landfill. These items
Plastics (such as plastic insulation from wire or cable; radio, television and
computer casings; vehicle parts; or furniture laminates); preformed or molded
rubber parts and components; applied dried paints, varnishes, waxes or other
similar coatings or sealants; caulking; Galbestos; non-liquid building demolition
debris; or non-liquid PCB bulk product waste from the shredding of automobiles
or household appliances from which PCB small capacitors have been removed
(shredder fluff); and
Other PCB bulk product waste, sampled in accordance with the protocols set out
by the EPA that leaches PCBs at 10 g/L of water measured using a procedure
used to simulate leachate generation.
In order to dispose of PCB bulk product waste in a State-permitted municipal landfill or
non-municipal non-hazardous waste landfill, there may be additional sampling,