30 November 1998
The effective area, Ae is calculated as follows for columns built-up from cold-formed steel studs such that
they form a closed section or structural tube columns (AISI, C4):
A e = A c - nt c ( w - b)
Ac = the nominal column area.
n = the number of studs making up the column, or is 2 when using structural tube columns.
tc= the thickness of the stud material used in the built-up columns, or the thickness of the
structural tube column.
w = the flat width of the stud web making up the built-up columns, or the width of the structural
tube face perpendicular to the plane of the panel. Assuming the outside radius of the stud
corners is twice the thickness, tc this may be calculated as follows:
w = ds - 4tc
ds = the depth of the studs making up the built-up columns, or the structural tube width
perpendicular to the plane of the panel,
b = the effective width and shall be determined as follows (AISI, B2.2):
≥ 0, and ≤70
the distance between centers of holes ≥ 0.5w and ≥ 3dh,
when λ≤ 0.673
b = w dh
when λ> 0.673
dh = the diameter of holes.
λ= a slenderness factor defined as follows (AISI, B2.1):
1.052 w Fn
k t c E
k = the plate buckling coefficient, equal to 4 for the studs making up the built-up columns or
structural tube columns.
C14. COLUMN SHEAR CAPACITY. The column shear design strength, Vc shall be determined as
follows for columns built-up with cold-formed steel studs or individual structural tubing members (AISI,
C3.2, Strength for Shear Only):