12 August 2002
Publications (FLIP) to alert aircrews of the establishment and condition of, or changes
to, airfield facilities. This would include any restrictions or limitations placed upon
airfield operations due to airfield damage.
Permanent airfield repair: This repair increases the MAOS to sustain 50,000 or more
C-17 passes with a gross weight of 263,008 kilograms (580 kips), or 50,000 C-130
passes with a gross weight of 79,380 kilograms (175 kips), or to support a service-
defined airfield design type, depending upon mission aircraft, in accordance with UFC 3-
260-02, Pavement Design for Airfields.
Small crater: Damage that penetrates into the base course from the airfield surface.
Small craters have an apparent diameter of 6 meters (20 feet) or less.
Spall field: Cluster of spalls within an area requiring repair. May include from 10 to
several hundred spalls, depending on the munitions used.
Spall: Pavement damage that does not penetrate through the pavement surface to the
underlying soil layers. A spall damage area could be up to 1.5 meters (5 feet) in
Sustainment airfield repair: Maintains or increases the MAOS to support the
operation of 5,000 C-17 passes with a gross weight of 227,707 kilograms (502 kips), or
5,000 C-130 passes with a gross weight of 79,380 kilograms (175 kips), or the number
of passes required to support mission aircraft at the projected mission weights
throughout the anticipated operation, if other than the C-17 or C-130.