TM 5-830-3/AFM 88-17, Chap. 3
1-3. Definition and cause
This manual provides guidance for dust control methods
The term "dust" can be defined simply as particles of soil
and materials that can be used successfully at airfields
that have become airborne. As a general rule, dust
and heliports to stop dust from forming naturally or as a
consists mainly of soil particles finer than 0.074
result of man's activities and to control dust in areas
millimeter (i.e., passing the No. 200 sieve as described in
directly impacted by man's activities. Dust develops
ASTM E 11). Dust is produced whenever the outside
naturally in denuded or sparsely vegetated areas and in
force(s) acting on a soil particle exceeds the force(s)
most unpaved, sparsely vegetated areas occupied by
holding it in place. Dust may occur naturally from the
man. (Man's activities may be detrimental to existing
force of wind although the production of dust is
vegetation and create a dust problem.) Dust is created in
accelerated in areas of soil experiencing actual physical
unsurfaced areas subjected to concentrated foot or
abrasion caused by the environment or man's activities.
vehicular traffic, and is usually a problem on shoulders of
Other terms unique to this manual are listed and defined
surfaced airport and heliport traffic areas. Dust control
a. Traffic Area.
Areas that receive regular
becomes desirable when man needs to occupy land
areas adjacent to the dust producing areas or is required
channelized traffic by vehicles, aircraft, or personnel.
to conceal military activities. The control of dust is also
Typical areas include: roadways and vehicle parking
an important factor to consider for lengthening the life of
areas; walkways; open storage areas; construction sites;
vehicles and their engines.
runways, taxiways, shoulders, overruns, and parking
areas of airfields; runways, taxiways, taxi- hover lanes,
and landing and parking pads of heliports.
b. Non Traffic Area. Areas that are not subjected
to traffic of any kind. Typical areas include: graded
This manual discusses dust control methods and
construction areas prior to turfing; partially graded
materials that have proven effective for treating soil
construction areas that will remain dormant for an
surfaces to reduce dust; provides suggestions for rates
extended period of time; areas bordering all airfield or
and methods of application of materials for various soil
heliport complex; protective POL dikes; magazine
types and environmental conditions; and discusses
factors, such as availability, curing time, durability,
bunkers and revetments; cantonment, warehouse,
logistics, and economics, that may be significant in the
storage, and housing areas, excluding walkways and
ultimate choice of material.
Army and Air Force
roadways; unimproved grounds; and shifting dunes.
Regulations that implement the requirements for
c. Occasional Traffic Area. Areas that receive
environmental quality are found in appendix A, and
random traffic by vehicles, aircraft, or personnel. Typical
economic solutions for dust control of very large areas
areas include: shoulders and overruns of airfields used
with little or no vegetation and no direct impact from man
are presented in appendix B.