184.108.40.206. Radar Buildings. Some airfields are equipped with radar capability. When the
functional proponent determines the need for radar capability, space for radar equipment will be
provided. Space for radar equipment should be provided in the flight control tower building.
220.127.116.11. Aircraft Rescue and Fire Facilities. Airfield facilities and flight operations will be
supported by fire and rescue equipment. The aircraft rescue and fire facilities must be located
strategically to allow aircraft firefighting vehicles to meet response time requirements to all areas
of the airfield. Coordinate the airfield fire and rescue facility and special rescue equipment with
the facility protection mission and Master Plan. It may be economically sound to develop a
consolidated or expanded facility to support both airside and landside facilities. The site of the
fire and rescue station must permit ready access of equipment to the aircraft operational areas
and the road system serving the airfield facilities. A site centrally located, close to the midpoint
of the runway, and near the airfield operations area (airfield management and base operations
building (Air Force)) and air traffic control tower is preferred.
18.104.22.168. Rescue and Ambulance Helicopters. With the increasing use of helicopters for
emergency rescue and air ambulance service, consideration should be given to providing an alert
helicopter parking space near the fire and rescue station. This space may be located as part of
the fire and rescue station or in a designated area on an adjacent aircraft parking apron.
22.214.171.124. Hospital Helipad. A helipad should normally be sited in close proximity to each
hospital to permit helicopter access for emergency use. Subject to necessary flight clearances
and other hospital site factors, the hospital helipad should permit reasonably direct access to and
from the hospital emergency entrance.
126.96.36.199. Miscellaneous Buildings. The following buildings should be provided as part of an
aviation facility. Authorization and space allowances should be determined in accordance with
directives for each branch of service.
188.8.131.52.1. Airfield operations building (airfield management facility).
184.108.40.206.2. Aviation unit operations building (Army); squadron operations building (Air
220.127.116.11.3. Representative weather observation stations (RWOS).
2.10.7. Aircraft Fuel Storage and Dispensing:
18.104.22.168. Location. Aircraft fuel storage and dispensing facilities will be provided at all
aviation facilities. Operating fuel storage tanks will be provided wherever dispensing facilities
are remote from bulk storage. Bulk fuel storage areas require locations which are accessible by
tanker-truck, tanker-rail car, or by waterfront. Both bulk storage and operating storage areas
must provide for the loading and parking of fuel vehicles to service aircraft. Where hydrant
fueling systems are authorized, bulk fuel storage locations must take into account systems design
requirements (e.g., the distance from the fueling apron to the storage tanks).
22.214.171.124. Safety. Fuel storage and operating areas have requirements for minimum clearances
from buildings, aircraft parking, roadways, radar, and other structures/areas, as established in
service directives. Aviation fuel storage and operating areas also require lighting, fencing, and
security alarms. All liquid fuel storage facility sitings must address spill containment and leak
2.10.8. Roadways to Support Airfield Activities: