SOLID WASTE STORAGE AND COLLECTION
4.1 Introduction. When designing a solid waste disposal facility, it
is important to know the type of vehicles that will be delivering solid
waste to the facility. Generally, a sanitary landfill can accommodate an
type of collection vehicle; however, other disposal methods (e.g., transf
station) may be able only to accommodate certain types of vehicles due to
those aspects of solid waste collection that potentially impact upon the
design of disposal facilities. A more thorough discussion of solid waste
collection is contained in the NAVFAC, MO-213, Solid Waste Management
Solid Waste Storage.
4.2.1 Onsite Solid Waste. Solid waste at Navy installations is stored i
both manually and mechanically loaded containers. Examples of storage
containers used are shown in Table 7.
4.2.2 Solid Waste from Foreign Sources. The garbage portion of solid wa
entering Navy ports from foreign sources must be disposed of in a U.S. po
by one of the following U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) approved
a) Cooking by steam or other heat source in a leak-proof container
(dumpster) at 212 deg. F (100 deg. C) for a period of 30 minutes and
disposal of residues by burying in a sanitary landfill.
b) Incinerating in an incinerator approved by the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA).
c) Grinding and flushing through a ship's collection, holding, and
transfer system to a USDA-approved sewage system ashore.
4.3 Solid Waste Collection Vehicles. When selecting collection vehicles
consideration shall be given to vehicle size, local weight and height lim
for all roads over which the vehicle will travel, and the turning radius
buildings, incinerators, or other facilities.
4.3.1 Principal Types of Vehicles. Collection vehicles fall into two ba
categories, waste-haul and container-haul. With the waste-haul vehicle,
solid wastes are collected from individual containers by emptying the
contents t into the collection vehicle. The container-haul vehicle colle
and transports the waste-filled container to the disposal location,
empties the contents, and returns the empty container to its original
18.104.22.168 Waste-Haul Vehicles. The most common type of waste-haul vehicle
the compactor truck of which there are three basic types: front-loading,
side-loading, and rear-loading.
a) Front-loading compactor trucks (see Figure 2) range in capacity f
20 to 52 cubic yards (15.3 to 39.8 cubic meters), and collect waste from
bulk containers. The solid waste is loaded into the top front of the
compactor body, and is compacted by a hydraulic ram and platen which push
the solid waste against the rear of the body. An optional 5-cubic yard
(3.8-cubic meter) bubble tailgate is available on these vehicles.