25 May 2005
DEVELOPING A WATER TREATMENT PROGRAM
GENERAL INFORMATION. Although each water treatment program may
contain unique aspects, the strategic goals of every program are regulatory compliance
and safety, protection of water-contacted equipment, and acceptable costs. Achieving
these goals requires the cooperative efforts of personnel from several areas, including
environmental protection, engineering, contracting, operations, and outside resources.
Outside resources include water treatment services companies, equipment suppliers,
and mechanical contractors. In some cases, military facilities may use outsourcing for
procurement of all industrial water treatment chemicals and associated services. This
Chapter addresses some of the options for developing both a water treatment program
and performance standards that apply to implementation of a program.
Problems can occur when water treatment programs are not developed
properly. Each water treatment program is designed to address regulatory compliance
and safety requirements as well as water quality and equipment protection. A potential
consequence of inadequate planning and design of a water treatment program is
preparing inadequate scopes of work for use in procuring (contracting) for services. If
equipment protection is not adequate, the cost attributed to this failure often far
outweighs the cost of the water treatment chemical program. The most obvious problem
is damage to, or the need for premature replacement of, the water-contacted
equipment. Loss of operational efficiency is also a problem but is not always as
apparent because it is rarely measured accurately; however, the additional operational
costs due to operational inefficiency can be substantial. Specific types of equipment and
system failures are described in Chapters 3, 4, and 5. When developing a water
treatment program, you must give adequate effort and consideration to defining goals,
devoting adequate resources to accomplish goals, and assessing performance.
OPTIONS FOR SETTING UP A WATER TREATMENT PROGRAM.
There are four methods for developing and implementing a water treatment program:
a) Generic Programs. In a generic water treatment program, facility
operations personnel identify and use generic or commodity chemicals as
part of the water treatment program that has been developed by facility
personnel. Facility operations provide all services for chemical feed and
control as well as monitoring and performance assessment. Facility
personnel may be required to handle and mix generic chemicals.
Alternatively, a contractor can develop the program for using generic
chemicals, with services being provided by facility personnel.
b) Outsource Proprietary Chemicals Only. Procurement of proprietary water
treatment chemicals is outsourced from a qualified water treatment
contractor. Facility operations provide all services for chemical feed and
control, and monitoring and performance assessment.