(6) **Mound length and width:**

D%E

%F%H3

End slopes (K) = mound depth at center 3:1 slope =

2

= 1 % 2.25 % 1.00 % 2.0 3

2

= 13.8*, use 15*

Upslope width (J) = mound depth at upsiope edge 3:1 slope slope correction (table 6-2)

= (D + F + G) 3 .875

= (1.00 + 1.00 + 1.00) 3 .875

= 7.88, use 8.

Downslope width (I) = mound depth at lower edge 3:1 slope correction

= (E + F + G) 3 1.18

= (2.25 + 1.00 + 1.00) 3 1.18

= 15.04 ft, use 15 ft.

Mound length (L) = B = 2K = 60 + 2(15) = 90 ft.

Mound width (W) = I + A + J = 15 + 2(10) + 5 + 8 = 48 ft.

(7) **Calculate basal area: **On a sloping site, the basal area is that area under the slope of the bed; while

on level sites, the whole area of the mound may be used. Since this is a sloped area:

Basal area (BA) = Bx (A + I) = 60 [)2 10) + 5 + 15] = 2,400 ft2.

Basal area required (BAR) = daily flow infiltration capacity of soil.

Typical design loading rates are:

3-29 min/in

1.2 gal/ft2/day

30-60 min/in

0.75 gal/ft2/day

60-120 min/in

0.24 gal/ft2/day

Therefore, BAR = 900 gal/day 0.74 gal/ft2/day = 666.

Since BA< BAR, the slopes could be shortened. However, if slope is cut to 2:1, erosion may set in.

Therefore, size is acceptable at 2,400 ft2 since this figure is conservative by a factor of 4.

(8) **Distribution system: **For this size system, manifold pipe should be 2"; laterals, 1" PVC. The

manifold pipe should run from the pumping chamber (or dosing siphon) to the center of the mound to an

"elbow" and then through a "reducer" (from 2" to 1"), thence through a "tee" to the 6 lateral distribution

pipes below. The manifold pipe may be run above or below the beds but, in either case, must be designed

so that wastewater will drain from the laterals and the manifold between doses.

Table C-5 is used to determine perforation spacing and pipe diameter. In this case, laterals of 1-in

PVC are 30 ft long so that a 30-in spacing of 7/32-in holes is chosen.

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