1 October 1997
Part 261, Identification And Listing Of Hazardous Waste
Part 262, Standards Applicable To Generators Of Hazardous Waste
2-5. RESOURCE RECOVERY MANAGEMENT MODEL. The number of issues and
coordination requirements for a municipal waste combustion project makes the use of
previously developed management models appropriate. EPA publication SW-768 (September
1979), Resource Recovery Management Model is recommended as a guide to ensure that all
aspects of the project are addressed in an appropriate sequence. While available
technologies and regulatory requirements have changed since the publication of SW-768, the
information presented for planning purposes is still valid. Excerpts from the introduction
contained in the management model, as well as activity index lists for two phases of planning,
identified as initial feasibility screening and feasibility analysis are included in appendix A.
2-6. TECHNOLOGY EFFECTS ON FEASIBILITY. As new technologies advance our ability to
reduce pollutants, the complexity of waste incinerator systems increases, and the economic
factors which must be considered to make accurate determinations of feasibility become
complex as well. Capital and O&M (operations and maintenance) costs need to be closely
examined. Uncertainties as to how residual wastes such as bottom ash and fly ash must be
disposed of, and/or treated will have significant affects upon the ultimate cost of disposal, and
may in fact alter completely the outcome of an alternative disposal study.
2-7. EXISTING SOLID WASTE PROGRAM SURVEY.
a. The existing solid waste program must be analyzed in detail to determine what the
ultimate composition of the waste stream to be incinerated would be. The program should be
analyzed for the following:
(1) Clean Green Programs (separate collection of yard wastes).
(2) Source Separation (recycling programs for aluminum, tin, cardboard, office paper,
newspaper, glass, etc.).
(3) Source Separation for Hazardous Materials (separation of batteries, used oil
containers, solvents, paint, etc.).
(4) Collection and Transportation Systems.
(5) Remaining Waste Stream.
b. Each waste stream, whether it be composted, recycled, land-filled on site, long hauled,
or presently incinerated must be accurately quantified.
c. Weights and moisture content are critical, as are identification of unique types and
quantities of waste. The results of this analysis will be used to determine waste holding
capacities at the incinerator plant as well as equipment train sizing.
d. Variations in waste quantities should be considered in the context of leveling the
throughput at the plant. Increasing temporary storage capacities and/or altering the present
waste collection schedules are potential solutions.