*TM 5-813-1/AFM-88-10, Vol. 1
B-2. Site selection
topographic map. Contours, drainage and land use have
been shown but vegetation has been omitted for clarity.
The well must be located within the site boundary for
security and to minimize the length of pipelines. Since
Note that the pumping water level will be above the top
the existing towns use the river plains area as a source
of the screen. Check screen entrance velocity:
of ground water, the flatland in the northeast has been
chosen as a site for test drilling. It has good potential for
recharge from the surface drainage and from the river.
Available records indicate the 100 year flood level to be
approximately at elevation 675 feet; therefore, the site is
not subject to flooding. Three test wells were driven in
the locations shown on figure B-1 and indicated by PW
The well should be installed near the test pumping well
(pumping well), W1 and W2 (observation wells). A cross
section of these three wells is represented by figure 5-3.
The exact location may be influenced by location of
The depth to the bottom of the aquifer is found to be 150
access roads, fences and other details. This leaves
feet. Depth to static water level is 100 ft. A pumping test
room for construction of an additional well for future
gives the following data.
expansion of the facility, north of the observation well
Q = 200 gpm
(W2) which would be beyond the 250 ft. minimum
1 = 50.0 ft
l = 47.5 ft
2 = 300.0 ft
B-5. Water quality
2 = 49.0 ft
Samples are taken and analyzed in accordance with
Calculate aquifer permeability using equation 5-3:
Standard Methods. Although the water quality is such
that no treatment is required, chlorine will be added as a
disinfectant in accordance with standard practice.
B-6. Pump selection
An elevated storage tank will be installed in the area of
the facility to maintain a 40 psi minimum distribution
system pressure at the maximum ground elevation of
B-3. Size the well
820 ft. Approximately 1500 lin. ft. of 6" pipe will be
A yield of 350 gpm is required. Table 53 indicates that a
required from the well to the tank. Calculate the TDH
pump of 6" diameter will be required and the smallest
using equation 5-6.
well casing (and screen size) should be 8". (Current
Suction head is the distance from the ground
pump manufacturers and screen manufacturers
(pump level) to the lowest elevation of water in the well.
literature should be reviewed to confirm this.) Assuming
Assume this would be at the top of the screen. Add the
R = 1000 ft. and a maximum drawdown of 15 ft. as
distance to the water table plus depth of top of screen.
HS = 100 + 20 = 120 ft.
Discharge head is the difference in elevation
from the pump to the water level in the storage tank.
Calculate the difference in ground elevation and add the
required pressure. Assume the well is at El. 695.
HD = (820 - 695) + (40) (2.31) = 217 ft.
The well should be designed to be drilled to the bottom of
presented in TM 5-813-5. Add head loss in pipe plus
the aquifer. Screen manufacturer's literature shows that
loss in fittings.
an 8" diameter telescoping screen has an intake area of
HF = (18 ft/1000) (1.5) + 10 = 37 ft.
113 sq. in. per ft. of length; calculate length of screen
Velocity loss is calculated from the equation.
required using equation 5-5: