Emergency Planning. Health and fire protection depend so much on a
safe, adequate water supply that measures for protecting the system and plans for
emergency operation are basic responsibilities of those in charge of the water supply
facilities. Basic information on emergency planning is contained in par. 2.2.42.
For more information on emergency planning, see the publications listed
in pars. 2.2.4, 2.2.12, 2.3.4, and 2.3.10.
Fire Protection. Fire protection falls into two broad categories: general
protection of installation facilities and equipment, and protection of the water supply
and treatment facilities. For more information on fire protection planning and
procedures, see the publications listed in pars. 2.1.4, 2.2.4, and 2.2.22.
Natural Disasters. Natural disasters include earthquakes, hurricanes,
tornadoes, and floods. Discussions of the effects of natural disasters, as well as
measures to mitigate them, can be found in the publications listed in pars. 2.2.12, 2.3.4,
Man-Made Disasters. Disasters caused by people include events such as
accidents, riots, strikes, hazardous material spills, vandalism, terrorism, and bomb
blasts. Discussions of the effects of man-made disasters, as well as measures to
mitigate them, can be found in pars. 2.2.12 and 2.3.4.
Vulnerability Assessment. A vulnerability assessment is a four-step
process that identifies system components most likely to fail in a given situation. For a
list of common water system components and how each component may be vulnerable
to typical hazards, as well as an example of a vulnerability assessment, see par.
Additional information can be found in pars. 2.3.4 and 18.104.22.168.
Regulations Affecting Water Systems. Congress passed the original Safe
Drinking Water Act (SDWA) in 1974 to ensure that the public drinking water system
serving the U.S. population would meet established SDWA standards. These
standards, known as the Primary Drinking Water Regulations and Secondary Drinking
Water Regulations, set the numeric limits for drinking water quality. These regulations
apply to all public water systems. Most of the military installation water supplies are
considered public water systems and are required to comply with the local, state, and
federal drinking water regulations including public notification requirements.