(2) Relating new facilities to existing facilities
the building location establishes a better visual
relationship with surrounding buildings and the
visually and physically.
access road. The site has its own entrance. This
(3) Providing access and parking.
avoids confusion with the traffic into the bowling
(4) Managing stormwater runoff.
center and provides a more convenient drop-off.
(5) Providing new utilities and avoiding relo-
Service vehicle movement is direct and entirely
cation of existing utilities.
separated from the bowling center traffic. Parking
(6) Conserving the natural environment.
is concentrated in one lot which does feed off the
c. Planning and Design for an Information Sys-
existing circulation established by the bowling
tems Facility on a Confined Site. An information
center. The equipment storage is placed between
systems facility consists of one large building with
the two existing lots. It is still heavily screened.
associated equipment storage, service and parking
This location avoids the massive expanse of park-
areas. The facility requires a security fence and
ing shown in alternative I. It places the storage in
substantial screening of the equipment storage
a more remote and easily screened section of the
and loading dock areas.
site, away from surrounding buildings.
(1) Site Analysis. Figure 5-3 illustrates a site
(3) Sketch Site Plan. Figure 5-6 illustrates the
initial design for alternative 2 which was judged
opportunities and constraints plan for an Informa-
to be the better alternative. The sketch site plan
tion Systems Facility. The candidate site is a
not only locates the building but also determines
confined site and presents some of the typical
its relationship to the surrounding buildings. The
problems including the following:
(a) Irregular site configuration closely con-
plan places the vehicular circulation and parking
to ensure that they will fit comfortably and meet
fined by surrounding facilities.
the requirements for size and maneuverability.
(b) Setbacks defined by existing buildings.
(c) High visibility to surrounding facilities.
The plan articulates the limited pedestrian circula-
(d) Potential for traffic problems and confu-
tion and provides for pedestrian flow across the
street to the athletic facilities. The plan locates
sion at entrances to the access road.
the security fence. It also locates the planting
(e) Limited area
for managing drainage
necessary to screen both the equipment storage
(2) Spatial Relationships Diagrams.
and loading dock. Grading for the site is minimal
but must provide sufficient slope to carry drainage
(a) Alternative I. Figure 5-4 shows the
to the existing culvert across the access road. The
building in the prime development area identified
plan identifies initial routes and access points to
on the site opportunities and constraints plan. The
diagram simplifies vehicular circulation by shar-
(4) Concept Site Plan. Figure 5-7 further
ing access with the existing bowling center. It
refines the sketch site plan. It ensures that all
locates the proposed parking area between the two
setback and spacing requirements around the
existing lots to take advantage of existing en-
building have been met. The plan suggests estab-
trances and exits. Another small parking lot is
lishment of street trees along the access road and
provided between the facility and the bowling
continuing this landscape treatment around the
center. A drop-off area is provided. Movement of
parking area to mitigate its impact. It sets the
service vehicles in and out of the site is accom-
finished floor elevation for the building necessary
plished on the through access drive. This decreases
to accommodate access to existing utility systems.
the space required for the loading dock. Placing
It also establishes the location of the high point on
the equipment storage to the side of the facility
the access drive necessary to ensure positive drain-
provides additional security. However, it locates
age on the site. The locations of inlets have been
an unattractive area of the facility next to the
established so that stormwater can be piped off
site to the existing culvert. An initial scheme for
(b) Alternative 2. Figure 5-5 also shows the
lighting coverage on site has also been developed.
building in the prime development area. However,