(c) Determine if curb or curb and gutter will
concentrates pick-up of pedestrian movement at
the turnaround. Finished floor elevations have
be used to control stormwater.
(d) Locate and indicate critical elevations
been set for the buildings. The grading concept
for other drainage facilities such as swales, paved
allows barrier-free accessibility across the site.
Grading will drain the barracks' parking lots into
ditches, yard drains and underground systems.
(e) Determine the need for retention or de-
inlets which can be piped to the existing culvert.
tention ponds and locate them if they are neces-
An initial scheme for lighting coverage has also
been developed. The planting scheme has been
(f) Locate and provide critical elevations for
further refined to: develop the sidewalk islands;
structures such as retaining walls or steps which
substantially screen the barracks' service areas;
are needed to facilitate grading conditions.
contribute to the aesthetic quality of the open area
(g) Indicate methods for dealing with ero-
around the formation grounds; and reduce solar
sion or sediment control problems.
gain on the south sides of the barracks' buildings.
(6) Energy Conservation. The plan should fur-
5-5. Confined Sites.
ther delineate means for dealing with climatic
Confined sites are located in areas which are
(7) Utilities. The plan should:
already densely developed. They present critical
(a) Further define the locations of utility
situations on many installations. Confined sites
create interface difficulties with the surrounding
(b) Further identify access points from the
area. Their constricted sizes and the more complex
supply lines and entry points into buildings.
surrounding conditions (e.g., existing structures,
(c) Ensure that utility lines are not located
circulation and utilities) place physical and cost
under proposed paved areas.
limitations on their development. Confined sites
(d) Ensure that utility lines are located
should be approached with the same planning and
logically for future expansion.
design process as any other site. Confined sites
(8) Lighting. The plan should:
raise site planning issues because candidate sites
(a) Develop an initial lighting coverage
may not be appropriate to the development for
which they have been selected. Site analysis
(b) Identify areas requiring higher lighting
should determine the suitability of confined sites
levels or special lighting.
and document the reasons for and against project
(9) Physical Security. The plan should further
development. Confined sites present site design
refine proposed security measures.
problems which may require more flexibility and
(10) Landscape Plantings. The plan should:
(a) Further refine the planting scheme by
design challenges associated with development of
broadly describing the types of vegetative massing
confined sites are discussed below. The description
(e.g., large deciduous trees, flowering trees, ever-
of an Information Systems Facility project ad-
green trees, shrub beds, etc.).
dresses some of the common issues found on
(b) Identify lawn areas.
a. Site Analysis. Because of their locations, con-
(11) Outdoor Spaces and Site Amenities. The
fined sites tend to be more greatly impacted by
(a) Further reline the design for outdoor
off-site and man-made conditions. They demand
thorough and sensitive site analysis since the sites
(b) Give preliminary consideration to the
are greatly constricted from the beginning. Prob-
location of site features (e.g., lighting, signs, foun-
lems related to confined sites include the follow-
tains and site furniture.)
b. Concept Site Plan for a Battalion Complex.
(1) Inadequate size-not necessarily for the
Figure 5-2 illustrates a concept site plan for a
primary facility, but for support facilities.
battalion complex. This plan further refines and
(2) No room for future expansion.
details the sketch site plan. A more formal entry
(3) Location in the midst of incompatible land
has been suggested for both the drop-off area and
uses which might be negatively impacted by a
the battalion headquarters building. The parking
areas are more fully articulated and include hand-
(4) Inadequate access for proposed vehicular
icapped spaces. Landscaped medians have been
added to break up the expanse of pavement.
(5) Creation of traffic problems (e.g., conges-
Pedestrian circulation eliminates the sidewalks
tion or accident incidence) by increasing trips to
which previously ran along the parking lots and
and from the site on inadequate access roads.