OUTDOOR RECREATION PLANNING
(1) Sources of information. Outside sources
of information include the following:
Planning for outdoor recreation on military in-
(a) U.S. Geological Survey: topographic
stallations is a continuing process, requiring up-
maps, geologic quadrangles, hydrologic atlases,
date and revision as the installation changes,
recreation demand alters, and existing facilities
availability maps and water quality data.
age. However, the Installation Outdoor Recre-
(b) U.S. Soil Conservation Service: soil
ation Plan should demonstrate a long-range
of the installation and observed trends in out-
(c) U.S. Agricultural Stabilization and
Conservation Service: aerial photographs.
door recreation activity both on and off the in-
(d) U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: fish and
stallation. Thus, in addition to a thorough
wildlife populations, wildlife habitats, and en-
knowledge of existing outdoor recreation on the
dangered and threatened species ,
installation, outdoor recreation planning re-
quires interaction with the Installation Master
(e) National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration: climatic conditions and annual
Plan and research into available and potential
outdoor recreation opportunities off-post.
(f) U.S. Bureau of the Census: regional
2-2. Installation Master Plan.
and local demographics.
(g) State Department of Parks and Rec-
The Installation Master Plan is a physical de-
reation: recreation facilities and visitation.
velopment plan which guides the installation's
(2) Off-post conditions. Off-post conditions
growth and change based on operational, social,
include geographic location, regional and local
economic, programmatic, environmental and
transportation systems, local land use, regional
legal considerations. The Installation Outdoor
and local socioeconomic conditions, local laws
Recreation Plan is a Contributing Plan to the
and regulations, climate, and public and private-
Installation Master Plan. Installation master
sector recreation facilities and programs.
plan maps may be used as base maps for outdoor
(3) On-post conditions. On-post conditions
recreation plan graphics. The master plan re-
include elements of both the natural and man-
port may also be used as a guide for structuring
made environment such as geology, soils,
an outdoor recreation plan report. The findings
topography, hydrology, vegetation, fish and
in the Installation Outdoor Recreation Plan
wildlife, aesthetic qualities, archeological and
should be synopsized and included in the In-
historic sites, circulation, utilities, existing rec-
stallation Master Plan. See TM 5-803-1 for spe-
reation facilities, pollution, and dangerous or
cific guidance in master planning.
b. Evaluation. Using the information identi-
2-3. Outdoor Recreation Planning
fied as pertinent to outdoor recreation devel-
opment, an evaluation is made of the potential
The outdoor recreation planning process has
effects of both on- and off-post conditions upon
three principal steps: identification, evaluation,
outdoor recreation. The principle opportunities
and implementation (fig 2-1 ). Subsequent chap-
and constraints are summarized. In addition, the
ters of this manual describe in detail the in-
needs and requirements of the installation, with
tended accomplishments of each step.
regard to recreation, are determined. This effort
includes an evaluation of existing recreation ac-
a. Identification. This step in the planning
tivities and facilities, or supply, both on- and off-
process involves the acquisition of data pertain-
post as well as an evaluation of the potential
ing to on- and off-post conditions which influ-
user population and the record of their previous
ence outdoor recreation use and development.
use of recreation, or demand. A comparison of
Much of the information necessary for this step
supply and demand quantifies the recreation
is available in the Installation Master Plan or
needs and requirements.
in the current Installation Outdoor Recreation
c. Implementation. Based upon the informa-
Plan. Updated or supplemental information may
tion gathered during identification and the de-
be obtained from other sources if gaps exist in
termination of opportunities and constraints,
the information available on the installation.