service, with vertical and horizontal clearance to accom-
b. The Circulation Plan ideally will respond to travel
desire lines which link activities and correspond to major
modate truck traffic. These routes should not be near land
fictional relationships and land use intensity. Major
uses sensitive to vehicular noise and exhaust emissions.
roadways should separate rather than bisect functional
h. The Circulation Plan should provide for secure
use areas. The Plan should attempt to alleviate traffic
access points to the installation and, as necessary, to
congestion at sensitive sites such as family housing,
individual land use areas involving hazardous or restricted
schools, and hospitals and should seek to reduce the
operations. These access points should be located in areas
impact of noise and air pollutants in areas generating high
with enough space to allow security clearance facilities to
function without impinging on through traffic movements.
c. The general location and alignment of the roadway
Roadways which are likely to be frequented by visitors
system should be suited to the natural features of the
and off-post population should not be located close to
installation and should respect environmental limitations.
restricted areas. The effects on area transportation in
The following should be avoided
closing the post to unauthorized traffic during emergency
conditions should be considered.
- Areas of steep slope, where roadway construction
will require excessive cut and fill.
i. Generators of significant pedestrian traffic such as
community centers, schools, and recreation facilities
- Areas of extensive rock outcropping.
require safe and convenient walkways and bikeways
- Disruption of major wooded areas.
connecting them with housing areas and other functional
- Disruption of major natural drainage channels.
activities. The Circulation Plan should ensure that sufficient
- Wetland areas and extensive areas of unstable
right-of-way is available to accommodate pedestrian
walkways with adequate separation from vehicular traffic
d The system should retain existing roadways and
facilities when possible. The use of existing streets as one-
along major roadways.
way pairs, with improved channelization or with other
j. At installations where rail access is necessary to
provide for movement of troops or material. the Circulation
modifications to increase capacity, should be considered
Plan should identify the existing rail system and any
before new roadways are proposed
e. The Circulation Plan should provide direct access
changes required to accommodate projected traffic relative
from the installation to the surrounding highway network
to the proposed location of functions. Locations of new
tracks should not require disruption of existing operations
through the main entrance (and secondary entrances if
and should minimize conflict with vehicular traffic at
appropriate to the size and function of the installation).
railroad/roadway crossings. Removal of under-utilized
Where major changes are proposed in the surrounding
rail facilities should be considered to improve land use
highway network, including construction of a new facility
relationships or circulation.
or major realignment of an existing facility, the Circulation
Plan will include recommended changes in the location or
4-5. Utility Service Plans
extension of on-post roadways to maintain access to the
a The Utility Service Plans consist of graphic displays
f. Adequate space for off-street parking, based on
prepared for each major utility system servingthe installation
The display for each utility will illustrate the extent of the
current DOD criteria, should be provided within each
system needed to meet the service requirements of the
land use area to eliminate the need for on-street parking.
land use areas in the most efficient manner. These
Where an exisitng lack of parking causes functional
displays resolve problems identified for each existing
difiiculties, the Circulation Plan should offer opportunities to
improve parking facilities by changes in the surrounding
utility system and support the Land Use Plan for long-
roadways. Major roadways should not be planned to
accommodate on-street parking, unless no alternate solution
b. The Utility Service Plans identify improvements
can be found to meet a critical fictional need Groupings
to the trunk systems, including general location and
of compatible activities within appropriate land use areas
capacity of extended main lines; general placement and
should be considered to maximize use of multi-purpose
capacity of intermediate equipment; and type and general
placement of other new or expanded main elements if
required The Plans will be consistent with the appropriate
g. Where frequent access by service vehicles is
required, such as supply and maintenance facilities, the
technical manuals and bulletins for each utility system
and will also
Plan should provide sufficient space for internal service
- Retain, to the maximum extent possible, existing
access and loading facilities so that roadways are not used
facilities to meet future requirements.
for vehicular storage and loading. Access to individual
- Designate future service areas to maximize use of
off-street service and loading areas should be from local or
secondary roads rather than major roadways. The Circu-
lation Plan should provide direct routes from the main or
- Expand existing facilities where cost effective to
provide additional service.
secondary entrance to land use areas requiring frequent