Where supplies are to redelivered by rail, the location
i. Operations. Operations activities such as airfields
should have rail access or the potential for such access.
have specific requirements based upon type of aircraft,
While the location should be accessible to all portions of
flight patterns, and activity levels. Aviation facilities
the installation, it should be separated from housing and
should be located to maintain necessary clearances and
community service areas.
approach zones. Detailed criteria for planning aviation
f. Manufacturing and production. Manufacturing and
facilities can be found in TM 5803-4 and DOD Instruction
production activities require extensive land areas with
level terrain to accommodate equipment, storage, and
j. Recreation. Passive and active recreation areas
service areas. These uses should have a direct route to an
should be located in areas removed from training, operations,
industrial or service entrance to accommodate service and
or maintenance activities. Recreation uses relate well to
employee traffic. Also, rail access will usually be required
housing areas and commercial service arid community
These uses can be separated from other installation
facility centers and may be effectively co-located with
these uses. Open areas used for parades or reviews should
functions, although internal access to supply and maintenance
facilities is desirable. For facilities with sizable employ-
be located in highly visible and readily accessible locations,
preferably associated with the installation's primary
ment, consideration should be given to locations which
administrative activity center.
have good access to community and medical facilities.
k. Water areas. These areas should be shown on the
Facilities which require special security should be grouped
together and appropriately separated from adjacent uses.
Land Use Plan with an indication of their relationship to
future kind uses.
g. Research development and testing. These activities
1. Reserved land/buffer. Reserved areas may be
share many characteristics with manufacturing and pro-
designated to separate incompatible uses, to protect
duction facilities and have similar locational requirements.
fragile ecosystems, as a safety measure around operational
Uses which involve the handling or storage of hazardous
or training uses, to discourage construction in areas with
materials should be well separated from other built-up
severe physical limitations, or to provide a visual or
areas of the installation.
auditory screen. These reserved or buffer areas should be
h. Housing. Housing areas should be accessible to
carefully established, with the importance of their purpose
related cammunity facilities, medical facilities, recreation,
clearly documented so that they will not be encroached
and training areas. They should be separate from other
upon in the future.
intensive areas, but accessible using the internal installation
roadway system In addition, troop housing and family
housing have specific locational requirements.
a. The Circulation Plan identifies a desirable system
(1) Troop housing. Troop housing areas include
or major roadways which provides a coordinated and
living quarters for enlisted personnel, non-commissioned
comprehensive system of access for the installation. The
officers, and commissioned officers, as well as supporting
Circulation Plan identifies both existing and proposed
service, administrative, storage, and supply facilities
roadways to serve the previously developed land use
related to housing. Troop housing should be accessible for
pattern shown in figure 4-1. The designated function of
training facilities and provide adequate area for outdoor
roadways should be consistent with criteria for roadway
recreation activities and vehicular parking Locations
classification ( TM 5-8222), including primary, secondary,
which allow the grouping of troop housing and which are
and tertiary. Where specifically required for the particular
within walking distance of commercial services and
needs of the installation, other minor roadway types, such
community facilities are desirable. Primary access to troop
as patrol roads, should be included. An exhibit showing
housing areas should be separate from that to family
the Circulation Plan is required in the Master Plan
Report Figure 4-2 gives an example of this exhibit.
(2) Family housing. Family housing areas should
Where practical, the Circulation Plan may be combined
be close to dependent schools, family recreation facilities,
with the Land Use Plan as a single exhibit.
and community support facilities. Locations which have
visually attractive settings are desirable to foster the
feeling of a residential environment.