b. The land use arrangement should reflect the influence
major activities. The location should have a direct route to
the main entrance and be accessible to other major
of the installation's natural setting, the off-post community
fictional areas on the post. A location where natural
envimnment, and the mission and functions of the installation.
As land use areas are delineated, the following conditions
features or site development provides a visually prominent
should be sought.
setting or vistas is desirable.
- A compact arrangement of land uses for the built-
b. Commercial services and community facilities.
up area of the installation.
These facilities include both commercial services such as
- Maintenance of open areas outside the built-up area
the post exchange and commissary and community services
for training activities, maneuvers, and required operational
of a non-commercial nature such as the library, chapel,
and craft workshops. Where practicable, commercial
- Separation of uses with different intensity of activity.
services and community facilities should be grouped in one
- Grouping of compatible functions in areas providing
or two notes to provide for multiple use of facilities and
for multiple use.
convenient access from housing and employment areas. A
- Adjacent locations for land uses with important
"community center" of this nature. should have good access
from major roadways yet should be within walking distance
- Conformance with operational safety clearances
of major troop housing areas. The center should be close to
and noise criteria.
the main entrance, with a direct route for use by service
- Allowance for required expansion within land use
vehicles as well as by the off-post population served by the
installation. Sizable areas suitable for vehicular parking and
- Available capacity of the circulation and utility
internal circulatiom within the center will be required.
systems to serve high activity land use areas.
Consideration should be given to providing an attractive
- Use of natural features and terrain to provide an
setting for the center with adequate area for separation of
attractive setting for living areas and other community
more intensively used activities from those adversely
affected by high activity levels. More detailed guidance for
- Convenient access to community facilities for on-
community centers may be found in TM 5-803-6.
c. Medical and dental The location of medical and
post and off-post population.
dental facilities, including hospitals, clinics, and supporting
- Separation of functions requiring special security
laboratory facilities, should be consolidated in their
primary service area Where the predominant function is
- Accessibility to primary roads for land uses generating
to serve off-post patients, these activities should be
high traffic volumes.
located away from other major activity areas at the
c. The Land Use Plan must consider the installation's
installation, but with direct access to the main entrance.
maximum development potential, over and above require-
Where the facilities primarily serve on-post activities,
ments based upon planned strength under the ASIP. At
their location should be accessible from other major
many installations, after requirements to provide for the
functional areas and housing areas. but separated from
planned strength have been met, excess land area will be
more intensive activities. Access from major roadways
available. The Land Use Plan will designate appropriate
providing internal service to the installation is necessary
long-term uses for any excess land areas. Designation of
and proximity to the main entrance is desirable to
these areas should be predicated upon a continuation of
the assigned mission of the installation and expansion of
d. Training. Training facilities include classroom
activities functionally related to this mission Designation
buildings and other indoor facilities, as well as outdoor
of land use areas for long-term development should be
maneuver and range areas. The indoor facilities should be
consistent with the general functional and environmental
accessible to but separate from troop housing areas for the
criteria for land use relationships. The designation of
convenience of personnel using the facilities. They should
areas for long-term development also will be a logical
also be accessible to any supporting supply, maintenance,
extension of the proposed development pattern designed
or administrative facilities. The maneuver and range areas
to meet the A SIP requirements and should lend itself to
should be well separated from the built-up portions of the
staged implementation. Development areas to meet A SIP
installation with direct access routes to troop housing and
requirements and long-range potential should not be
maintenance areas. Location of maneuver areas should be
related to the character of the installation terrain to
4 - 3 . Guidelines for specific land
provide appropriate training capability.
e. Supply/storage and maintenance. Supply/storage
and maintenance land uses include facilities engineering,
a. Administration. Facilities which are primarily
quartermaster, transportation, motor pools, and ware-
used for administration, including post headquarters and
housing areas. These uses require level sites with adequate
general office functions, should be centrally located within
space for outdoor storage and access for service vehicles.
the built-up area of the installation to be accessible to all