e. Public transportation. The availability of and level
of service provided by public transportation from the
Identifying the major characteristics of vehicular, rail, air.
installation to population centers should also be considered.
and water facilities which serve or support the installation
Elements to identify include peak and off-hour transit
provides a basis for evaluating limitations or deficiencies
routes. taxi service. and shuttle and limousine service
in the system which affect the operation and mission of the
installation. The analysis should focus on elements of the
2-7. Socioeconomic conditions
system which link the installation to major population
Although off-post population and economic conditions
centers. other regional facilities. and the national trans-
can affect the installation's operation and personnel. a
portation system. Major transportation elements should
detailed socioeconomic analysis of the region is not
be illustrated in a graphic, perhaps as part of the Regional
required. Rather, a broad evaluation of key socioeconomic
Setting exhibit or Vicinity Map as shown in figures 2-1
characteristics and trends provides an adequate basis for
identifying potential areas of impact.
a. Road network. The characteristics and capacity of
a. Population. Population trends and growth patterns
the road network which provides access to the installation
which should be examined include.
for both military and civilian traffic should be analyzed.
- Existing and projected population and projected
The accessibility of the installation should be considered,
population growth rates within jurisdictions (counties.
particularly in relation to all segments of the National
townships. municipalities) in the vicinity of the installation.
Defense Highway System in the region, including distance
- Significant differences in growth rates among the
and route to the nearest interchange, clearance or capacity
jurisdictions or between a jurisdiction and the region as a
Federal or State routes in the vicinity should be noted,
- Significant deviation from national averages in
along with major county roads and other roads providing
median age. household size. percentage of elderly. or
direct access to the installation from major population
children of school age.
centers and other Federal installations. Existing and
- Projected changes in population characteristics for
projected traffic volumes on these roads should be deter-
the region or adjacent jurisdictions.
mined to establish the capacity of the road network to
b. Economy. Factors establishing the relationship
serve the installation along with the adequacy of lane width
between the installation and the regional economy include:
and traffic control measures at installation access points.
- The existing and projected number of persons in the
Finally, the effect of any programmed or planned improve-
civilian labor force in the region and vicinity.
ments on the road network should be evaluated.
- Existing and projected employment levels in the
b. Rail service and terminals. The availability of
facilities, service. and carriers should be determined.
- Existing major skills or occupations and any projected
Elements to consider include: the location of the major rail
changes in occupational distribution.
line serving the installation. the carrier operating the line,
- Income within the region generated by the installation's
and the number of tracks on the line; the number of daily or
total military and civilian payroll and its relationship on a
weekly scheduled trains on the major line: and any known
per capita or proportional basis to other incomes in the
load limits and condition of lines providing access to the
- Total dollar amount of regional procurement and
c. Airports. The capability of regional airports to
construction by the installation within the past five years.
serve the installation should be assessed- Potential limitations
- Amount of taxes paid to local jurisdictions ( either
on or conflicts with on-post operations can be identified by
directly or through State or Federal aid formulas), in-
considering location. ownership, and type of airports
cluding income tax. sales tax, motor fuel tax. or school
within the region. indicating the largest aircraft handled by
each: the flight path location and use in the installation
c. Housing Analysis of off-post housing conditions
vicinity; the location and frequency of scheduled airline
and availability for installation personnel ( military and
service and availability of air freight or parcel service: and
dependents) requires coordination with the installation
the regional airspace environment, including air traffic
housing officer. Pertinent data include: character of
control locations. airways. terminal control areas. and
housing in the region and vicinity. including dwelling type
airport traffic areas relating these two installation operations.
(single or multiple-family), occupancy (owner or rental).
d. Water terminal. The availability of water terminal
and age of residential structures: condition of housing
facilities to the installation should be evaluated. The
units in the region and vicinity as evidenced by the
evaluations should include consideration of the location of
percentage of substandard units and any known con-
any barge or deep water terminal facilities in the region.
centration of substandard units in the vicinity: vacancy
the number of barges or ships accommodated, existing or
rates for sale and rental housing and sale and rental price
projected usage levels, and known limitations of any cargo-
ranges of available off-post housing and availability of
hotel and motel rooms in the vicinity.