1 DECEMBER 2002
PURPOSE. The purpose of this UFC is to provide guidance for recovery and
recycling of building demolition waste. It will assist DoD facilities in determining the
most feasible methods to reduce the amount of construction and demolition (C&D)
waste material being disposed of in landfills.
APPLICABILITY. This UFC applies to installations or facilities involving
facility disposal and construction.
REFERENCES. Appendix A contains a list of references used in this UFC.
DISCUSSION. Outlined in this UFC are demolition, recovery, recycling, and
deconstruction techniques for more efficient landfilling practices along with project
objectives and conditions for which each of these methods is economically and
practically viable. An interactive matrix contains information to assist personnel at
installations and facilities in determining the appropriate strategy to divert C&D waste
from landfills. The management of demolition projects is largely at the discretion of the
individual installation or facility. It is important to investigate prior to any demolition
activity to determine which method is most desirable. Building demolition poses unique
challenges in the area of waste management. Since each project is different,
generating its own unique combination of wastes, a project manager must be flexible
and creative in finding ways to reduce, reuse, or recycle the various types of waste.
1-4.1 Benefits. C&D debris accounts for an estimated 35 to 40 percent of the
municipal solid waste stream. Disposing of debris in landfills is both economically and
environmentally costly. Landfilling debris unnecessarily wastes both natural resources
and valuable landfill space. Alternatives to conventional demolition and landfilling
wastes have proven to reduce solid waste volume, avoid costs for landfill tipping fees,
and even provide a source of revenue from the sale or reuse of building materials.
1-4.2 Policy. AR 420-49, Chapter 3, contains policy for Solid Waste Management.
AR 420-49, paragraph 3-6, sub-paragraph d., states that construction and demolition
debris should be recycled when possible. There is a need for effective procedures for
evaluating and selecting methods to assist installations and facilities in the reduction,
recovery, and recycling of C&D waste. Air Force Instruction (AFI) 32-7042, Waste
Management, states that installations should pursue cost-effective management
approaches that decrease the landfill space required for C&D debris, decrease the
amount of HW contaminating C&D debris, and help the Air Force uphold its commitment
to pollution prevention. OPNAVINST 5090.1B, Chapter 14 contains the Navy's Solid
Waste Management And Resources Recovery Ashore instructions and policy and
Chapter 3, Pollution Prevention contains waste minimization and prevention policy.
Qualified Recycling Program (QRP) Guide, UG-0039-ENV, July 2000 provides Navy
and Marine Corps guidance in operating an installations QRP. The Marines have a