1.1 Scope. This handbook presents design criteria and cost analysis
methods for the sizing and justification of solar heat collectors for potable
water and space heaters. Sufficient information is presented to enable
engineers to design solar space conditioning and water heating systems or
conduct feasibility studies based on solar collector performance, site
location, and economics. Both retrofit and new installations are considered.
1.2 Related criteria. Certain criteria relating to space heating and
domestic hot water (DHW) heating systems appear elsewhere and are listed
The Department of Defense general requirements are found in the
Construction Criteria Manual, DOD 4270.1-M.
Some portions of Design Manual DM-3 series relating to heating and
hot-water systems pertain to this manual. These and other relevant
sources of applicable criteria are listed below:
Hazards & Safety Precautions
Central Heating Plant
Housing & Building Designs (definitive)
Standards and performance criteria relating to solar heating
systems have been evolved by Government agencies and various
associations and institutes. The most widely used are listed
Solar Collector Instantaneous
ASHRAE Standard 93-77, "Methods of
Testing to Determine the Thermal
Performance of Solar Collectors"
Thermal Storage Devices
ASHRAE Standard 94-77, "Methods of
Testing Thermal Storage Devices Based
on Thermal Performance"